Blackheads occur when there is a formation if a clog on the opening of the hair follicle in the skin. A follicle contains sebaceous glands and one hair that produce body oil (sebum). This sebum (body oil) keeps the skin hydrated and soft. When sebum coalesce with dead skin cells in the opening of hair follicles ,coma done is formed and when this coma done is exposed in air, it will be oxidized and turns back to form Blackhead.
Reasons for the occurrence of blackheads on thighs and legs may include shaving, sweating, waxing and medications. These are usually not painful but can cause concern when they get infected. These blackheads can make legs and thighs darker in colour.
Here are someof the common causes of Blackheads on thighs and legs
overproduction of Sebum
One of the main causes of Blackheads is excess body oils (Sebum) which formulate clogs in the pores leading to formations of the blackheads and it can be influenced by factors like puberty, high -stress levels and diet such as consumption of oily foods, hormonal variation
Cleansers, cosmetics and certain fabric clothes
It has been seen that when body cleanser or cosmetics are left in the body for long period, it can cause irritation of hair follicles since the dead skin cells will not be shed off on a regular basis.
There are some Fabrics of clothes which are made out of materials that are irritating to the skin and help to trigger the blackheads.
Changes in Hormones
Hormonal changes or imbalances usually experienced during periods, puberty and pregnancy is the main cause of overproduction of sebum. During these said stages, the androgen hormonal level tends to rise among women, which triggers the excessive production of sebum. It may clog the pores leading to the development of small dark bumps on thighs and legs.
Changes in hormones, androgen usually increases the risk of blackheads and other types of acne as well as excessive hair growth in adult women. Hormonal changes also occur during menopause making women undergoing this period to be also susceptible to blackheads on thighs and legs
Use of certain medications
It has been seen that due to certain medications such as androgens, birth control medicines, Corticosteroids & lithium which may lead to hormonal imbalances leading to the formation of blackheads. The body may perceive some of the medication ill-disposed and begin to respond to them negatively which leads to the development of various types of skin disorders including blackheads.
Shaving Bumps or Blackheads after shaving
Excessive shaving and use of old razors or blades can cause blackheads on thighs and legs. Wrong shaving techniques and use of wrong shaving tools while shaving bikini area or thighs and legs can cause bumps and blackheads.
Blackheads on Thighs Due to Friction
Friction is one the cause of blackheads between the thighs. Those individuals who do not have a thigh gap are more vulnerable to thigh blackheads since their thighs rub against each other while walking or running. Excessive sweating from the tight undergarments and from the body can increase chances of thigh blackheads. Friction can increase the level of dead top skin cells that can clog the hair follicles to form blackheads.
Blackheads on Thighs Due to Sun Poisoning
Spending much time in the sun or exposing thighs and legs to the sun can increase the chances of suffering from blackheads. Exposing too much skin on the sun makes the ultraviolet radiations from the sun to damage the solar cells and thus dead skin cells can sum up with excess oils to clog the hair follicles which can form the blackheads on thighs.
Environmental factors for Blackheads on Thighs
Factors like excessive pollution, small particles and dust which can find their way to thigh and legs pores. Environmental pollutant including small particles and dust combine with unwanted oils in the thigh and leg may block the hair follicles which can lead to cause blackheads.
Blackheads are also correlated with the increase in the stress. Cells that produce sebum have receptors for stress hormones and Sebum(Body oils) is the oily substance that mixes dead skin cells and bacteria which clog the hair follicles leading to form blackheads.
It has been observed that bacteria often get trapped in a hair follicle or oil gland due to trauma to the skin. Thighs and legs are the common sites for blackheads because they rub against each other and get easily sweaty in hot and humid weather which encourages bacteria to grow in the follicles.
Some other reasons
Apart from the above causes of blackheads, there are some more factors that can trigger blackheads on thighs and legs:
- Skin damaging due to accidental trauma and bruising.
- High humidity levels and excessive sweating
- Fungal infections which can lead to blackheads on thighs and legs
- Poor personal hygiene or excessive lubrication within the birth canal.
Treatment for Blackheads on Thighs
Treatments options for Blackheads may range from home remedies to various products to prescribed medications.
over the counter products
In order to reduce the excess oil, you can try various blackhead removal products. The products include lotions, creams pads and gels. These products contain ingredients like benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid and resorcinol that fights the blackhead triggers. They help in drying up excess oils, getting rid of dead skin cells and killing bacteria. Many of them are applied to the skin directly.
Before buying these products you could consult with a doctor and get yourself examined in order to know the level of infection that causes blackheads. Also, please follow the instructions that come with these medications.
Laser and light treatment for Blackheads on Thighs
These kinds of procedures can be applied to reduce the excess production of oil and to kill bacteria. These methods are efficient since they can manage the comedones under the skin without damaging the outer layer of skin.
It is a process where the dermatologist and the doctor will use a device having a rough surface to take out the top layer of the skin containing plugs. This is how clogs will vanish.
Sometimes over counter medications are not apt for your case, in such conditions stronger grand medications that doctors may prescribe. These commonly prescribed therapies are medications containing Vitamin A (adapalene, tazarotenetretinoin and benzoyl peroxide as well as antibiotics. These can be applied directly to the skin as they help in removing plugs from forming in the follicles of hair
Correct shaving techniques
When having blackheads, one must use correct shaving techniques. This can be achieved by softening skin before shaving by patting legs and thighs with a face towel dipped in hot water. Though it is a time -consuming process but no need to worry. Steam the hair on your legs and thighs before shaving them.
Steam will help loosen the tight and dry skin. Next thing which can be done is to avoid shaving in intervals. This can help in pulling your skin taut and by using this technique no hair can come back into the skin to form ingrown hair. One other best method is to shave with the grain, which means shaving in the direction the hair grows. After shaving, make sure to lay a cool washcloth on your legs and thighs to reduce any kind of inflammation.
There are many tools which are being used by Dermatologists; one of the commonly used tools is Round loop extractor which helps in getting rid of the plug inducing the blackheads. A small opening is made in the plug and then clog is mined by putting little pressure on the tool.
One should avoid wearing tight clothes as they rub with the skin and cause irritation which could lead to the formation of bumps on thighs and legs.
Chemical Peels for Blackheads on Thighs
Plugs or clogs can be removed by using chemicals that peel the top skin layer. These can be applied to the skin for good results. These peels are available over the counter.
Home Remedies for Blackheads on Thighs
Baking Soda: Baking soda powder can also be used to get rid of Blackheads. The result can be achieved by applying a fine paste on the infected part. Fine paste can be prepared by mixing a teaspoon of baking soda with a cup of water. Apply this paste for 30 minutes and then rinse it off.
Another home remedy can be prepared by making a paste of lemon, sugar, yoghurt,honey and salt. Stir these ingredients and apply the paste on the skin for 15-20 minutes. After rinsing it off with cold water clean it with a soft towel.
Cinnamon is also considered as one of the good home remedies. Cinnamon can be mixed with lemon juice or with organic honey. This paste can be applied gently on the skin to get rid of blackheads. Repeat this process until the blackheads completely disappear from the skin. These home remedies always show slow results but they don’t have any side-effects on the skin.